Visiting Friends and Relatives Travel as a form of Sustainable Tourism Development

About the Project

This paper attempts to consider VFR in a broader framework of community capital development. Flora and Flora’s (2008) framework of community capitals was used to consider the sustainability of VFR travel for a community. The framework considers a community’s resources around seven capitals: social, cultural, financial, built, political, natural, and human. An extensive literature review on sustainable tourism and VFR travel was conducted to provide a foundation for discussion on the benefits that VFR travel can provide for a community. VFR’s impacts and influences on a community and sustainability are more fully understood using this framework instead of a focus solely on visitor spend and hotel use.

About the Researcher

Tom Griffin is an Assistant Professor at the School of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Ted Rogers School of Management, Ryerson University, whose research focuses on residents and tourism activity.

Contact Information

575 Bay Street (entrance at 55 Dundas Street West)
Room: TRS 3-175, 9th floor Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 2C3

Mailing Address:
350 Victoria Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5B 2K3